Autism, Development Delay

Delayed Speech and Language Development

Every year the problem of children’s speech delay is becoming more and more urgent. We can divide today’s moms and dads into 2 groups. For the first one speech delay is comparable to a natural disaster, they fall into despair if their child cannot remember a rhyme or pronounce some of the sounds. The second, on the contrary, seek professional help when it is already too late to rehabilitate their kid.

Doctors tend to soothe concerned parents. The fact is that speech delay has not been clearly defined yet, so even if a kid says fewer words than he “has” to at a certain age, you should not worry unduly.

The absence of speech, “baby language” or babbling can be individual characteristics of a child, and later on he will quickly catch up to his peers. In addition, some of boys begin to pronounce words much later than girls. However, in case a parent has noticed that a child of 1.5 years old has really alarming symptoms, it is necessary to visit a specialist. Keep in mind that some symptoms of speech delay may manifest about risks of serious mental retardation of a child. Remember that timely detection of a disease contributes to effective treatment.

It should be noted that child’s development delay can be caused by various infectious diseases, viruses or heredity. Such innocuous stamps of viruses (at first glance) in a latent form, as:

Herpes simplex virus (Herpes virus 1, 2)

Epstein-Barr Virus (Herpes virus 4)

CMV (Cytomegalovirus)

Measles (Rubella)

Toxoplasma

They are carried by an overwhelming majority of people on our planet, and can be transmitted from a mother to a fetus during intrauterine growth of a baby.

In the aggregate of multiple factors, such as virus-carrier, birth trauma, hypoxia, vaccination, compromised immunity of a child as a whole , may cause disorders in the CNS. In particular, these factors can disrupt higher brain functions, which increase the risk of mental retardation, and other neuropsychiatric disorders.

It is worth noting that in accordance with mentioned parameters the “risk group” is prevailing majority of children all over the world, that’s why speech delay and autism syndromes are so common nowadays.

 

In case of speech delay only talking functions of a baby are effected. At the same time, a child is adequately responding to requests in his address and is able to perform a variety of tasks, he or she responds to adults, recognizes the relatives and parents, is in touch with world around him, but the kid practically does not speak at all. Such a child is not diagnosed with motor, and behavioral dysfunctions because in most cases pure speech delay is not accompanied by mental retardation. However, problems with speech may become a hindrance for further development of a baby and his future socialization.

Let’s try to understand what is child’s speech?

 

Up to two years a child is speaking on his “child language”, and that’s a variant of normal development. Children’s vocabulary includes, for example, such phrases as “bee-bee” (machine) or “wof-wof” (a dog). It is necessary to seek professional help only if a child fails to build a new phrase or a sentence out of these sounds.

Here are some evident signs of speech development delay:

  1. At the age of four months child does not respond to presence of a parent

  2. 5 month-old baby does not coo, does not pronounce consonants g, h, k and vowels u, e

  3. At 6 months baby practically does not babble (ma-ma, ta-ta);

  4. By 1 year, child’s vocabulary accounts to fewer than 5-10 words;

  5. At a year and a half a child does not understand the speech addressed to him and does not respond to requests of his parents;

  6. At the age of 2 years a child cannot construct simple sentences.

There are a few ways how to deal with this problem. One of them is a secure author’s technique named cranio-cerebral stimulation (from the Latin: cranium – skull, cerebrum – brain) which is applied in order to treat speech delay in Dr. Levit Rehabilitation Centre. This method aims to improve biochemical processes in cerebral lobes, responsible for speech and communication. This technique also stimulates circulation of cerebrospinal fluid and as a result, it changes symptomatology of various pathologies, and also improves talking activity of a child.

During the course of cranio-cerebral therapy most of children have positive dynamics in many aspects, including linguistic specter:

– Perception of the world enhances,

– Vocabulary increases,

– Interest in the outside world and society increases,

– Whole sentences appear in the lexicon of children,

– Usually a body starts cleaning processes and physiological parameters of children are changing: (children with underweight gradually put on required weight, and vice versa, condition of hair changes – hair becomes soft and shiny and so forth).

– Some children have reduced sensitivity to sharp noises,

– Muscle tonus stabilizes.

If a child has been diagnosed with verbal dysfunction it is important to start therapy as soon as possible, because a favorable outcome of the treatment depends on the age of a child.

Autism, mental retardation, attention deficit disorder

In most cases we have to deal with children who have a problem of mental retardation and developmental, physical delay, and autism.

 

Over the past 20 years, the number of children with autistic spectrum disorders, mental retardation and psychological and physical development delay has increased dramatically. According to some sources it is 1 to 150.

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What is the reason for such rapid growth?

  1. Change of ecological environment.

  2. Chemicals and synthetic ingredients in foods; extensive use of chemicals in the health facilities.

  3. Air pollution, water pollution.

  4. Intensive vaccination.

  5. Injury during childbirth.

  6. Some kinds of infections.

The major factor of these reasons is a birth trauma. Very often a mother and a grandmother say that the  delivery was easy, and a child was not injured. In most cases, they mean pain relief in labor, often with the help of epidural anesthesia. Mother can experience pain much less, but it disturbs a natural course of a delivery, and we can evidence the situation when a mother is not feeling pain while her baby during birth may experience severe headaches, body aches, pain in his spine, especially if it is pathological childbirth or the size of the head and mother’s pelvis is not matching. This is the strongest stress for the child. In a natural course of childbirth a woman can to some extent adjust to childbirth.

 

 Feeling the pain, the woman can imagine the pain that her child may feel. This will be an adequate understanding of severity of birth. Anesthesia does not really show a full force and intensity of the impact on the child during, that’s why we hear this answer: “The delivery was normal.” A child can not scream to his mother: “Mom, I have a headache, it hurts.” – He can cry or groan, but we also need to understand it and evaluate his condition correctly. After birth, a child may cry or be anemic. Parents find the explanation: he is crying, because of gases or tummy ache. These children often and strongly belch, and calm down only when sucking the breast. As during sucking headache is reduced, and in their case it is the only cure for a headache. Rather than treat the headache, they cure for stomach by dill water or an enema.